Different challenges and hazards occur throughout the soil excavation process in construction, which affects the overall finish of the intended structure. However, it helps in restoring the soil content. Assembling the right equipment is critical to lot excavation, as it allows the process to be undertaken efficiently to the required standards and in compliance.
Different hazard types are merged with soil excavation, such as falling workers into open pits, workers buried due to earth collapse, mudslides causing cave-ins, and soil side failures of pits and trenches. The earlier the hazards are identified, the easier it is to ensure preventive measures are observed to avoid accidents at construction sites.
Some of the challenges and their preventive measures are as follows:
Excavation above three meters is mainly involved with the construction of foundations of tall buildings where basements are found. Its hazards vary and are as follows with their reputable solutions:
For excavations below three meters, it involves foundation constructions, examining subsurface soil, and observing the water table, among others. The following challenges and their prospective solutions are outlined below:
Deep and narrow excavations mainly involve pipelines and underground water pipes. Its challenges and solutions are as follows:
Over-excavation causes wall deformation and could jeopardize the excavation process. The solution is to properly monitor the excavation process to ensure it is within the required limits.
A proper survey before excavation will ensure that safety compliance and precautions are observed. The right tools and having utilities marked will ease the excavation process.
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